Ordinary Men

Ordinary Men

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The shocking account of how a unit of average middle-aged Germans became the cold-blooded murderers of tens of thousands of Jews.

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Genre : History
Author by : Christopher R. Browning
Publisher : Harper Collins
Release : 2013-04-16
File : 304 Pages
ISBN : 9780062037756


The Final Solution And The German Foreign Office

The Final Solution And The German Foreign Office

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Abteilung Deutschland came about as a department of the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs in May 1940, following a reorganization of the Referat Deutschland. The latter was established in 1933, and its first task was justifying German anti-Jewish policies to the outside world. Later its functions expanded, and in 1938-39 Referat Deutschland was instrumental in the policy of "forced emigration" of Jews, launched by the SS. The Referat D III was a desk in the Abteilung Deutschland dealing with Jewish matters. Dwells on the personalities of the chief of the department, Martin Luther; the Referat D III's chief, Franz Rademacher; and its leading "Jewish experts", e.g. Karl Otto Klingenfuss, Herbert Müller, and Fritz-Gebhardt Hahn. In 1940-41 the Referat D III prepared Nazi projects for resettlement of European Jews (e.g. the Madagascar project) and helped the Nazi satellite states (and exerted pressure on them) to introduce anti-Jewish legislation and implement their own anti-Jewish policies. Luther coordinated the Abteilung Deutschland's policies with every turn of the Final Solution. With the start of the deportations and mass murders of Jews, the Abteilung Deutschland became involved in deportations of Jews from satellite and neutral countries. However, the department remained a junior partner of the SS, since the latter did not always consult with the Foreign Office in carrying out its anti-Jewish actions. In March 1943 Abteilung Deutschland was dissolved, following a personal conflict between Luther and Ribbentrop, and its functions passed to the Inland II A department.

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Genre : Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945).
Author by : Christopher R. Browning
Publisher : Holmes & Meier Pub
Release : 1978
File : 276 Pages
ISBN : UOM:39015005259794


Ordinary Men

Ordinary Men

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“A remarkable—and singularly chilling—glimpse of human behavior. . .This meticulously researched book...represents a major contribution to the literature of the Holocaust."—Newsweek Christopher R. Browning’s shocking account of how a unit of average middle-aged Germans became the cold-blooded murderers of tens of thousands of Jews—now with a new afterword and additional photographs. Ordinary Men is the true story of Reserve Police Battalion 101 of the German Order Police, which was responsible for mass shootings as well as round-ups of Jewish people for deportation to Nazi death camps in Poland in 1942. Browning argues that most of the men of RPB 101 were not fanatical Nazis but, rather, ordinary middle-aged, working-class men who committed these atrocities out of a mixture of motives, including the group dynamics of conformity, deference to authority, role adaptation, and the altering of moral norms to justify their actions. Very quickly three groups emerged within the battalion: a core of eager killers, a plurality who carried out their duties reliably but without initiative, and a small minority who evaded participation in the acts of killing without diminishing the murderous efficiency of the battalion whatsoever. While this book discusses a specific Reserve Unit during WWII, the general argument Browning makes is that most people succumb to the pressures of a group setting and commit actions they would never do of their own volition. Ordinary Men is a powerful, chilling, and important work with themes and arguments that continue to resonate today.

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Genre : Social Science
Author by : Christopher R. Browning
Publisher : HarperCollins
Release : 2017-02-28
File : 384 Pages
ISBN : 9780062303035


War And The Ordinary Man World War Ii

War And The Ordinary Man World War Ii

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This book is a co-production of my father's memoirs, which I translated, covering his life from before World War I through World War II and after, as well as of my own early childhood experiences during and after World War II. The book starts in our homeland in the Czech Republic and ends about 1952 in West Germany. My father had to leave a rather comfortable life and join the German Army in 1939. He recounts his years with the military in great detail. Good luck and survival skills helped him during the war and as a POW. He was able to live through hopeless situations and sometimes turned them into heartwarming events.

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Genre : History
Author by : Margit Boen
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release : 2009-11-19
File : 123 Pages
ISBN : 9781450002455


A Biography Of Ordinary Man

A Biography Of Ordinary Man

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This book is a foundational text for our understanding of François Laruelle, one of France's leading thinkers, whose ideas have emerged as an important touchstone for contemporary theoretical discussions across multiple disciplines. One of Laruelle’s first systematic elaborations of his ethical and "non-philosophical" thought, this critical dialogue with some of the dominant voices of continental philosophy offers a rigorous science of individuals as minorities or as separated from the World, History, and Philosophy. Through novel theorizations of finitude and determination in the last instance, Laruelle develops a thought "of the One" as a "minoritarian" paradigm that resists those paradigms that foreground difference as the conceptual matrix for understanding the status of the minority. The critique of the "unitary illusion" of philosophy developed here stands at the foundation of Laruelle’s approach to "uni-lateralizing" the power of philosophy and the universals with which it has always thought, and thereby acts as a basis for his subsequent investigations of victims, mysticism, and Gnosticism. This book will appeal to students and scholars of continental philosophy, philosophy of religion, ethics, aesthetics, and cultural theory.

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Genre : Philosophy
Author by : François Laruelle
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-27
File : 260 Pages
ISBN : 9781509509973


Ordinary Men

Ordinary Men

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Of all the controversies facing historians today, few are more divisive or more important than the question of how the Holocaust was possible. What led thousands of Germans - many of them middle-aged reservists with, apparently, little Nazi zeal - to willingly commit acts of genocide? Was it ideology? Was there something rotten in the German soul? Or was it - as Christopher Browning argues in this highly influential book - more a matter of conformity, a response to intolerable social and psychological pressure? Ordinary Men is a microhistory, the detailed study of a single unit in the Nazi killing machine. Browning evaluates a wide range of evidence to seek to explain the actions of the "ordinary men" who made up reserve Police Battalion 101, taking advantage of the wide range of resources prepared in the early 1960s for a proposed war crimes trial. He concludes that his subjects were not "evil;" rather, their actions are best explained by a desire to be part of a team, not to shirk responsibility that would otherwise fall on the shoulders of comrades, and a willingness to obey authority. Browning's ability to explore the strengths and weaknesses of arguments - both the survivors' and other historians' - is what sets his work apart from other studies that have attempted to get to the root of the motivations for the Holocaust, and it is also what marks Ordinary Men as one of the most important works of its generation.

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Genre :
Author by : James Chappel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-05
File : Pages
ISBN : 9781351350839


Uncommon Character

Uncommon Character

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A captivating non-fiction anthology filled with heroic profiles, epic tales, and timeless parables. You'll meet valiant personalities who've challenged and changed the world in remarkable ways. Their unforgettable stories are religious and secular, historical and current, unknown and familiar, foreign and domestic. Prepare to encounter priests, farmers, pilots, immigrants, missionaries, engineers, martyrs, businessmen, lawyers, pioneers, presidents, soldiers, writers, and scientists – their dynamic legacies are destined to become part of us and our heritage. Collectively, their stories answer the pertinent questions of our time: What makes a genuine hero? How can a hero personify godly character? Why is personal character so vital for our families and country? These are unique tales told with zest; these are unforgettable tales to long treasure. Enjoy the exciting profiles and parables; then share them in family, church, workplace, ministry, and educational settings because that's where they began and that's why they were written. The 26 portraits will quickly find special places in heart and head, dwelling therein to influence life's crucial choices. It's unlike any other book due to the dual advocacy on behalf of the redeeming value of stories and the critical need for reinvigorating personal and national character. Every chapter advocates making a positive impact on others and mastering the days we are given. Readers depart with an abiding conviction of the significant difference one committed life can make. No matter our past or where we find ourselves today, we will be inspired to finish well.

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Genre : Biography & Autobiography
Author by : Douglas Feavel
Publisher : Aneko Press
Release : 2020-04-13
File : 424 Pages
ISBN : 9781622456888


Ordinary Men Called By God

Ordinary Men Called By God

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James Montgomery Boice demonstrates how God develops the extraordinary from the ordinary as evidenced by the courage, faithfulness, and humility seen in the lives of Abraham, Moses, and David.

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Genre : Religion
Author by : James Montgomery Boice
Publisher : Kregel Publications
Release : 1998-01-01
File : 144 Pages
ISBN : 0825497051


Extra Ordinary Men

Extra Ordinary Men

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This book analyzes popular cinematic representations of normative masculinity, exploring the idea that its positioning as the 'ordinary' identity is a source of not only ideological and political strength but also considerable anxiety. Rehling offers lucid accounts of contemporary theoretical debates on masculinity, whiteness, gender, race, and sexuality in popular cinema, and detailed readings of films as diverse as Fight Club, Boys Don't Cry, and The Matrix.

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Genre : Performing Arts
Author by : Nicola Rehling
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2010-06-21
File : 292 Pages
ISBN : 9781461633426


Twelve Ordinary Men

Twelve Ordinary Men

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Contrary to popular belief, we do not have to be perfect to do God's work. Look no further than the twelve disciples whose many weaknesses are forever preserved throughout the pages of the New Testament. Jesus chose ordinary men - fisherman, tax collectors, political zealots - and turned their weakness into strength, producing greatness from utter uselessness. MacArthur draws principles from Christ's careful, hands-on training of the original twelve disciples for today's modern disciple - you.

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Genre : Religion
Author by : John F. MacArthur
Publisher : Thomas Nelson
Release : 2006-05-08
File : 224 Pages
ISBN : 9781418567378